|06-10-2008, 08:37 PM||#1|
Join Date: Aug 2007
**'Ilm of Hadiths**
'Ilm of Hadiths
Meaning of Hadiths
The talk and/or work and/or the action/practice of the Holy Last Messenger and the silence of the Holy Last Messenger and practice of anything done before him is also related as Hadiths.
Hadiths of Sayyidina Rasulullah are of three (3) types
(Qawli) - Talk of the Holy Last Messenger (Sallallahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam). Hadith Qawli is that Hadith that Rasulullah (Sallallahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam) spoke himself.
(Fa’ali) - The action of Rasulullah (Sallallahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam). So Hadith Fa’ali is Hadith that Rasulullah (Sallallahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam) has taught us by his actions without comment.
(Taqriri) - Hadith Taqriri is Hadith which comes from Rasulullah’s (Sallallahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam) silence regarding any action.
Besides these three, there are three other classes of Hadiths
(Marfu’a) - Hadiths where the Isnad comes from the teacher from the collector from the companions.
(Mawqoof) - Hadith Mawqoof is when the Hadith is related by the Sahaba man or woman, but the isnad does not reach Rasulullah (Sallallahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam).
(Maqtoo’a) - Hadith Maqtoo’a is Hadith where the Tabi’een is the end of the Isnad.
All these three can be Qawli, Fa’ali, or Taqriri.
Sanad is Wajib for Hadiths. In the Isnad of the narration from al-Imam al-Bukhari (Radhi Allahu Anh), there are no more than six (6) persons. One who records Hadiths is called Rawee. Each Rawee must be Salih, Ahlus-Sunnah, sincere, and strict in Deen.
Famous Books of Hadiths
*Sahih al-Bukhari - There are 2623 Hadiths in 9 volumes. Imam al-Bukhari was born in 194 A.H. and he demised in 256 A.H. He never had more than six persons in his Isnad.
*Sahih Muslim - There are 4,000 Hadiths with the minimum of 4 persons as the Rawee. Hazrat Imam Muslim was born in 204 A.H. and he demised in 260 A.H.
Muwatta al-Imam Malik - He was born 103 A.H. and his demise was 178 or 179 A.H.
Sulayman bin Asyas Sajistani, whose famous name is Abi Dawud. His book Sunan Abu Dawud or Sahih Abu Dawud. He was born in 202 A.H. and his demise was 275 A.H. Sunan are those Hadith which are similar to Fiqh.
Sahih al-Tirmithi - His name was Hazrat Abu Isa Soora. It is also called Jami’a Tirmithi. He was born in 209 A.H. and he was demised in 279 A.H.
Sahih an-Nisa’i - His name was Abu Abdur-Rahman Ahmad ibn Shu’aib. He was born 214 A.H. and he was demised 303 A.H. Hazrat An-Nisa’i had four wives and many children.
Sahih Ibn Majah - is also called Sunan Ibn Majah. His name was Abu Abdullah Muhammad bin Yazid bin Abdullah. He was born 209 A.H. and demised 273 A.H.
These are the 6 books of Hadiths which are called Sahih Sitta which are most famous with the most sound tradition. Some include in the Sahih Sitta the Muwatta of Al-Imam Malik (Radhi Allahu Anh) and others include the Sahih Ibn Majah.
Musnad of al-Imam al-A’zam Abu Hanifah (Radhi Allahu Anh), born 80 A.H., deceased 150 A.H., he was the only Imam from the Four Imams who met Sahabi and learned Hadith of Rasulullah (Sallallahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam) and recorded them. Abu Hanifah said, "I was born in the year 80 and in 86 I went on Hajj with my Abi; when I entered Haram Sharif, I saw a group of people sitting before a man as students before a teacher, then I asked my father ‘who is this person,’ and my father answered, ‘this is Abdullah bin Harth. This is a Sahabi of Rasulullah (Sallallahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam).’ After seeing this man, I wanted to meet him and at that moment he was giving a talk on Hadith and that Hadith was: ‘Whosoever learns knowledge of Shari’ah, Allah will be enough for him and will help him and give him rizq from the ghaib without measure,’ which means that person who seeks knowledge of Al-Islam, for him Allah will be enough, and Allah will grant him rizq from those places he will not even think of. For that person who learns about Islam, Allah will suffice in all his difficulties and he will be helped from unseen places."
The Musnad of al-Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal (Radhi Allahu Anh). He was the Imam of Al-Ghawth al-A’zam Sheikh Abdul-Qadir al-Jilani (Rahmatullah Alayh). His kunya is Abu Abdullah Ahmad bin Hanbal. He was born in 164 A.H. and deceased 241 A.H. His musnad is in 6 volumes.
The Musnad of Abu Dawud, deceased 204 A.H.
Abd bin Hunayd
Harath bin Abu Usama
Mustaj Karaj Abi Nuam
Sunan Abi Muslim
Musnad of Abdur-Razzaq
Musnad of Sa’id bin Mansur
Status of Hadith and the Importance of Hadith
All things which Allah revealed to Rasulullah (Sallallahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam) are of two types. The first is through the Mala’ik, meaning Jibreel (AS) which we call Wahi-Jalee . Jalee means open (revelation) through the Angel. And these revelations together are called Qur’an Majeed. The second type is when Allah speaks directly to the qalb (heart) of His Rasul (Sallallahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam) without the Angel and it is called Wahi-Khafee and this is the form of the Hadiths. Whatever Rasulullah (Sallallahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam) said was, in fact, from Allah, because Allah says in Holy Qur’an:
"He does not speak from his hawaa (desire); it is nothing except Wahee revealed to him."
[Surah an-Najm 3-4]
Tafsir - This means that whatever comes on the tongue of Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam) whether speaking to his wives, the Sahabi, or others, all is from Allah. Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar (Radhi Allahu Anh) used to record every word of Rasulullah (Sallallahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam). Some people advised him that he should not record everything that he said because Rasulullah (Sallallahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam) may say this in a state of happiness or sadness and they should not be recorded. But, Hazrat Ibni Umar (Radhi Allahu Anh) did take their advice and he ceased to record everything that Rasulullah (Sallallahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam) said in his presence by pen and paper. So, he went to Rasulullah (Sallallahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam) and told him that people had suggested to him to stop writing everything that the Rasul (Sallallahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam) had said, so he asked if he should continue. And his answer was that Rasulullah (Sallallahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam) pointed with his finger to his mouth and said, "I swear by the One who gave me life that whatever comes from my mouth is nothing but Haqq, no matter what state I am in." Hadith Sharif is very important because Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam) gave permission to record the Hadiths. This means that he gave an order to Ibni Umar (Radhi Allahu Anh) and the order of the Holy Nabi (Sallallahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam) is Fardh. This Hadith is in the Sahih Ibni Dawud. [Arabic p. 514]
Hazrat ‘Ali bin Abu Taleb (Karam Allah Wajhu) had a book in which a few Hadiths of Rasulullah (Sallallahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam) were recorded in which there were a few examples of diyat (compensation) (If a man kills someone deliberately, Qisas can be required [Fardh]. If they request money, this is Badila Suhas, or blood money. If someone is accidentally killed, Qisas is nor Fardh, but diyat becomes Fardh. Diyat is a fixed amount; 100 camels for a male and 50 camels for a female or a monetary equivalent. But can be remitted). This book (Sufu Waraqa) was kept in the sheath of his (Radhi Allahu Anh) sword; This was only a few pieces of paper, not like the books today; so in that book, he wrote that if a person has a lot of credit and he has not returned the money to the creditor and the creditor insists on getting his money, then if a Muslim assists him, it explains the reward he will receive. It was also written in this book that if a Muslim kills a non-Muslim, then Qisas is not due. From this, we have proof that the Sahabi Ikram (Radhi Allahu Anh) used to record Hadith of Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam). [Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol. I, p. 21]
Al-Hadith is the commentary and explanation of Al-Qur’an al-Majeed. From the Holy Qur’an, which says:
"We have revealed the Qur’an to you that you may comment on it an explain it."
(This ayat explains the necessity for al-Hadith). For this reason, the Sahaba found it important to narrate Hadiths as they are the explanation of the Holy Qur’an. Someone asked Hazrat Ali (Radhi Allahu Anh) if Rasulullah (Sallallahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam) had given him any special Kitab that no one knew of. Hazrat Ali (Radhi Allahu Anh) was in this time as Khalif and the Shia were spreading lies that there was a special Qur’an given to Hazrat Ali (Radhi Allahu Anh), solely to support Shia lies. So that question was asked in connection with this. Hazrat Ali (Radhi Allahu Anh) replied, "I have nothing other than the Holy Qur’an which everyone has and this little book of Hadiths which I have written from Rasulullah (Sallallahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam), which is kept in the sheath of my sword"
It is the belief of some Shia that the Holy Qur’an which is in our possession is not the Holy Qur’an that was revealed to Rasulullah (the ones in Iran, Lebanon, Pakistan, and India, mostly). The Shia say that their book was given to Hazrat Ali (Radhi Allahu Anh) and he told Abu Bakr, Umar, and Uthman (Radhi Allahu Anh) that "this book is with me and you must accept it." They say that the three Khalifs mentioned did not accept the book of Hazrat Ali and, in turn, he did not accept their book. The time period is not mentioned, nor clear. The Shia lies continue to say that in his anger, Hazrat Ali (Radhi Allahu Anh) took this book and threw it in the wind, and now this book is with Imam Mahdi, who is hiding in the mountains and living in fear that if he shows up, the Sunni’s will kill him. And on the Day of Judgement, the number of Sunni will decrease and the number of Shia will increase and he will come from the mountains and announce this book and the people will come and follow this book. They say that al-Imam Abu Bakr’s and Hazrat Umar’s (Radhi Allahu Anh) graves will be dug up and they will hang them and they will kill the Sunni.
Taqiya means lies and the Shia believe that they must lie, because if they speak the truth, the Sunni will kill them. So they say Taqiya is Fardh. In Usool al-Kafi [a widely used Shia book], all of this is recorded there. In this filthy book it is written that a person asked al-Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (Radhi Allahu Anh) a question and he answered him. Then, another person came and asked Ja’far As-Sadiq, and asked him the same question and he gave him an opposite answer. (Imam Ja’far As-Sadiq bin Baqir bin Zain ul-Abidin). One person was sitting next to al-Imam Ja’far while these two men asked their questions. The man asked Imam Ja’far which answer was correct, as they contradicted each other; so Imam Ja’far said, "both are correct because I have made Taqiya and it is my belief of my father, grand-father, and great-grandfather that until the time of Imam Mahdi, the truth should not be revealed." So, whatever they (Shia) is lies, even the part about Hazrat Ali (Radhi Allahu Anh) and they have lied on their Twelve Imam in what they have said about them.
So, back to the original topic, the Hadith have been recorded in all periods of the Sahaba (Radhi Allahu Anh), Tabi’een, and Tabat-Tabi’een. And to believe in the Holy Qur’an without accepting the Hadiths makes one a Kafir, because Allah says you should explain the Holy Qur’an to the people. And if the Hadith is not the explanation of the Holy Qur’an, then where is the explanation? All Hadiths given were from Sahih al-Bukhari.
In the Qur’an al-Majeed, Allah Ta’ala says that we must perform Hajj, Salaat, and so forth, but it is not mentioned HOW to do these acts. This if found in Al-Hadiths. That person who does not believe in Hadiths, but believes in Holy Qur’an will find it impossible for him to practice the ‘Ilm in the Holy Qur’an without the guidance of the Hadiths.
The one who created you, Understands you best...
|04-22-2012, 05:34 AM||#2|
Join Date: Aug 2009
Re: **'Ilm of Hadiths**
The example of Hadith Qudsi is the hadith of Abu Hurairah who said that Muhammad(PBUH) said: "When God decreed the Creation He pledged Himself by writing in His book which is laid down with Him: My mercy prevails over My wrath."
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