|01-21-2006, 12:37 AM||#1|
Join Date: Jan 2005
Assalamu Alaykum wa Rahmatullahee wa Barakatu
In class we talked about Shaykh-ul-Islam ibn Taymiyyah. The Shaykh also introduced us to Taymiyyah, who what the great grandmother of his great grandfather. The whole family afterwards was attributed to her, and her children were called Ibn Taymiyyah 'the son of Taymiyyah' after that. She was a wise lady and female scholar of the family as well as a righteous woman and known for her admonitions.
I would like to have more information about this female scholar, Taymiyyah.
We spend so long coming up with awesome names only to have people say things like, "Are you going to attend PP?"
This has been my life's mission to end all acronyms.
We should post in our signatures: "Say NO to Acronyms, OK?"
|01-30-2006, 09:12 PM||#2|
From the bio of the English version of Ibn Taymiyya's article on Uboodiyya translated by Abu Safwan Fareed Ibn Abdul Wahid ibn Haibatan-
"As for his most common appellation: Ibn Taymiyyah, scholars give different accounts for why he was referred to by this term. Some say that one of his ancestors performed hajj through the route of Taymaa and he saw a maid (there) who had came out of a tent, when he returned (to his homeland) he found that his wife had given birth to a daughter and they raised her up to him, whereupon he said: "O Taymiyyah, O Taymiyyah" i.e., she resembled the maid he had seen at Taymaa. It is also said that the mother of his grandfather Muhammad, was named Taymiyyah and thus he came to be ascribed to her.  He was born in Harraan, an old city within the Arabian Peninsula between Shaam  and Iraq, on the tenth or the twelfth of the month Rabee' al-Awwal in the year 661H. He later fled at a young age with his family to Damascus because of the terrible conditions of his homeland and those surrounding it as a result of the occupation by the Tartars."
|02-02-2006, 09:02 AM||#3|
Join Date: May 2005
Location: The Netherlands, Amsterdam
Since this thread concern one of the ancestors of Shaykh al-Islām Ibn Taymiyyah, may Allah sanctify his soul, I find it a good oppurtunity to mention a few of his other relatives. As for info about the woman named 'Taymiyyah', there is no knowledge about her as far as I'm aware.
Shaykh al-Islām Taqī al-Dīn Ibn Taymiyyah = Abu'l-'Abbās Ahmad b. Shihāb al-Dīn Abi'l-Mahāsin Abd al-Halīm b. Majd al-Dīn Abī'l-Barakāt Abd al-Salām b. Abī Muhammad Abdallāh b. Abī'l-Qāsim al-Khidr b. Muhammad b. al-Khidr b. 'Alī b. Abdallāh b. Taymiyyah al-Harrānī al-Dimashqī al-Hanbalī.
It is said that his forefather, i.e. Muhammad b. al-Khidr or who is above him (see the aforementioned genealogy), performed..
As for Shaykh al-Islam's Family, the Banū Taymiyyah, than many from them were important scholars such as Ibn Taymiyyah's father, his famous grandfather, his brothers and others. For example:
The Grandfather: Majd al-Dīn b. Taymiyyah al-Hanbali
Majd al-Dīn Abī'l-Barakāt Abd al-Salām b. Abī Muhammad Abdallāh b. Abī'l-Qāsim al-Khidr al-Harrānī al-Hanbalī - the grandfather of Shaykh al-Islam, and the most famous of the Banū Taymiyyah after Taqī al-Dīn. He was born in 590 and died in the year 652. He was a great Imām, a Leader in Jurisprudence in his time and its Usūl, a scholar of Hadīth and its meanings and was in particular an accomplished scholar in terms of the Qur'an Readings and Tafsīr [in which his grandchild, i.e. Shaykh al-Islam, would become a very proficient]. He was the Imām of Harrān, and a leader of the Hanābilah there. The famous scholar in the Arabic language, poetry etc. the Imam Jamāl al-Din Ibn Mālik, author of the famous grammar poem al-Alfiyyah said about him:
"To the Shaykh al-Majd [al-Dīn] Jurisprudence (al-fiqh) was made easy, as to Dawūd ['alayhi al-salām] iron was made easy"
Majd al-Dīn b. Taymiyyah is also the author of the famous Ahādith al-Ahkām collection known as: al-Muntaqa al-Akhbār; the book competes with al-Bulugh al-Marām of Ibn Hajar al-'Asqalānī as the most valuable collection of Hadiths which are references for Jurisprudence.
The Father: Shihab al-Din b. Taymiyyah al-Hanbali
Shihāb al-Dīn Abi'l-Mahāsin Abd al-Halīm b. Majd al-Dīn Abī'l-Barakāt Abd al-Salām al-Harrānī, later al-Dimashqi, al-Hanbali - the father of Shaykh al-Islam. He was born in 627 and died in the year 682, in Damascus. He was the Imam and Khatīb of Harrān, and the inhabitants' authority after the grandfather of Shaykh al-Islām passed away (i.e. the Shaykh's father). He was praised by many scholars, especially as a capable Muftī. Ibn Kathīr, the Imām and Mufassir, said:
"The Mufti of the community"
Ibn Shākir al-Kutūbī, a famous historian, said about him:
"He was an Imām in Tafsīr, competent in the Madhhab and the differences, creed, grammar and lexicography; and he has a complete knowledge concerning mathematics, algebra, geometry and he was knowledgeable about many sciences. He had a fine character."
It was his father, Shihāb al-Dīn b. Taymiyyah, who left the city of Harrān as a refugee taking his family with him, untill they arrived safely in Damascus. They left their birthtown and native city because of the coming Mongols, who spared none or little people - even when many of them already claimed Islām - looting Muslim villages and killing their inhabitants. 'Abd al-Halīm b. Taymiyyah was the Shaykh of the Dar al-Hadith al-Sukkāriyyah in Damascus. When he died his son, the Shaykh al-Islām, took over his teaching position at the young age of just 22.
The Mother: Sitt al-Ni'am bt. 'Abd al-Rahman al-Harrāniyyah
Sitt al-Ni'am bint 'Abd al-Rahman b. 'Ali b. 'Abdūs al-Harrāniyyah, the blessed mother of Shaykh al-Islam who died - passed the seventies - in the year 716. She was a devote woman, blessed with a son who became an Imām and Hujjah of Islām įnd with other sons who became scholars. There is not much known about her - let alone about other women from the Banū Taymiyyah - but fortunately there is part of a correspondence (i.e. a letter of the Shaykh al-Islām to his mother) between her and her son, wherein the latter said:
The Brothers of Shaykh al-Islam: Muhammad, Abd al-Rahmān and 'Abdallah
Badr al-Dīn Abu'l-Qāsim Muhammad b. Khālid al-Harrānī, born in approximately 650 he died in 717. He was an Scholar, a Faqih and Imām. He was the elder of the brothers, and he made his younger brother Taqi al-Din, i.e. Shaykh al-Islam take over his teaching seat. As can be inferred, Badr al-Dīn b. Taymiyyah was Shaykh al-Islām's brother from his mother's side.
Zayn al-Dīn Abd al-Rahman b. 'Abd al-Halīm, born in 663 and died in the year 747. He was a devotee, a ascetic. He was imprisoned together with his famous brother, Shaykh al-Islām, in Alexandria and Damascus for his support of him.
Sharaf al-Dīn Abdallāh b. 'Abd al-Halīm, born in 666 and died in the year 727. He was a great Scholar, a debater in his own right who defended the Ahl al-Sunnah and supported Islām against its enemies. When his brother, Shaykh al-Islām, was imprisoned in the Citadel Tower of Damascus he left Syria for Egypt [from where the order of Shaykh al-Islam's imprisonment came] together with his brother Zayn al-Dīn in order to debate Shaykh al-Islam's treacherous enemies; and praise to Allāh, he was victoreous!
The Aunt: Sitt al-Dār bt. 'Abd al-Salām b. Taymiyyah
Sitt al-Dār bint 'Abd al-Salām b. Taymiyyah is the aunt of Shaykh al-Islam. She is the sister of his father, Shihāb al-Dīn 'Abd al-Halīm b. Taymiyyah, and was one of Shaykh al-Islam's teachers. He transmitted from her Hadith. She died in the year 686, may Allāh have mercy upon her and on all Shaykh al-Islām's relatives!
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