|09-04-2006, 11:04 PM||#1|
BOC Notes for Session #6
Assalaamu'alaykum Warahmatulahee Wabarakatuhu,
A sister wanted me to post the notes that she took from the session held yesterday on Paltalk. May they be of benefit to all who read them. Ameen.
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Ayaat 28- 34
كيف تكفرون بالله وكنتم أمواتا فأحياكم ثم يميتكم ثم يحييكم ثم إليه ترجعون
2:28. How can ye reject the Faith In Allah.- seeing that ye were without life, and He gave you life; then will He cause you to die, and will again bring you to life; and again to Him will ye return.
Sensible reasoning: Live the life that Allah has given the way He wants you to live.
Allah gave us life when we were nothing:
Dead --> Life --> Death --> Life --> Judgment
هل أتى على الإنسان حين من الدهر لم يكن شيئا مذكورا
76:1 Has there not been over man a long period of time, when He was nothing - (Not even) mentioned?
Also, if someone ever saves your life, you feel an absolute need to do anything you can to make up for it, to show your gratitude. But Allah not only keeps us alive, He is the one who gave us life. Further, he maintains your life.
هو الذي خلق لكم ما في الأرض جميعا ثم استوى إلى السماء فسواهن سبع سماوات وهو بكل شيء عليم
2:29. It is He who hath created for you all things that are on earth; Moreover His design comprehended the heavens, for He gave order and perfection to the seven firmaments; and of all things He hath perfect knowledge.
Everything is Halaal unless proven otherwise.
We learn from the verse that:
1)Everything has been created for us on earth.
2)Hadith: Whoever does something without our approval will have it rejected. (therefore, it is not permissible to add or subtract anything in Islam (worship) without Allah’s and His Messengers).
ثم استوى إلى السماء
Allah rose over the heavens (in a manner that suits His Majesty).
Allah’s rising is not like what we think, it is not permissible to think/imagine it like ours because:
لَيْسَ كَمِثْلِهِ شَيْءٌ وَهُوَ السَّمِيعُ البَصِيرُ
There are seven heavens, one over the other as mentioned in the hadith about Isra’ wa-alMi’raj:
The Prophet said: “….Then I was taken up to the seventh heaven. Gabriel asked the (gate) to be opened. It was said: Who is he? He said: Gabriel It was said. Who is with thee? He replied: Muhammad (may peace be upon him.) It was said: Has he been sent for? He replied: He has indeed been sent for. (The gate) was opened for us and there I found Ibrahim (Abraham peace be upon him) reclining against the Bait-ul-Ma'mur and there enter into it seventy thousand angels every day, never to visit (this place) again. Then I was taken to Sidrat-ul-Muntaha whose leaves were like elephant ears and its fruit like big earthenware vessels. And when it was covered by the Command of Allah, it underwent such a change that none amongst the creation has the power to praise its beauty.”
(Sahih Muslim: Book 001, Number 030)
Abdullah bin Nafi' reported: Malik bin Anas said: 'Allah is above the heavens, but His knowledge encompasses everything. Nothing escapes His knowledge.'
On the top of seven heavens is seat and above that is the throne and above is Allah.
Imam Maalik was asked how Allah rose over his throne, he became angry and said:
الاستواء معلوم والكيف مجهول والسؤال عنه بدعةHim rising is know (to have taken place); how is not known; and asking is a bid’ah
Then he told people to kick him out of the Masjid
Allah is describing Himself as al-3aleem. This is the most commonly used name in the Qur’an.
It is probably mentioned in this ayah because Allah mentions the expanse of the heavens and then mentions how even then, He is able to know everything in that expanse.
GEM: Those who create a computer virus can remove it verily easily but other computer scientists will take a while to figure out where the problem lies and the way to erase it.
وإذ قال ربك للملائكة إني جاعل في الأرض خليفة قالوا أتجعل فيها من يفسد فيها ويسفك الدماء ونحن نسبح بحمدك ونقدس لك قال إني أعلم ما لا تعلمون
2:30. Behold, Thy Lord said to the angels: "I will create a vicegerent on earth." They said: "Wilt Thou place therein one who will make mischief therein and shed blood?- whilst we do celebrate Thy praises and glorify Thy holy (name)?" He said: "I know what ye know not."
1)where you are?
2)Where you want to go?
3)How to get to your target?
These ayaat describe you all these things. They tell us where we are coming from
It is narrated in the tafseer books that angel knew that human beings are going to spread mischief because the jinns were already there on the earth and they were spreading mischief so much so that one time there was an army of angels sent to fight against them and to teach them a lesson.
1)They have intelligence
2)They are curious
3)They hate corruption
4)They ask for knowledge (not for arrogance)
The sunnah of Allah is that you are either going to go up or down. If you are not constantly improving, you will go down. We are on the mountain path.
The Creation of Adam:
Ibn Masud and other companions of the Prophet (PBUH) said that Allah the Almighty sent Gabriel onto the earth to said that Allah the Almighty sent Gabriel onto the earth to get Him clay therefrom. The earth said: "I seek refuge in Allah from your decreasing my quantity or disfiguring me." So Gabriel returned and did not take anything. He said: "My Lord, the land sought refuge in You and it granted."
So Allah sent Michael for the same purpose, and the land sought refuge with Allah and it was granted. So he went back and said to Allah what Gabriel has said before him.
Then Allah sent the Angel of Death, and the land sought refuge in Allah, the angel said: "I also seek refuge with Allah from returning without carrying out His command." So he took clay from the face of the earth and mixed it. He did not take from one particular place, but rather he took white, red, and black clay from different places.
The Angel of Death ascended with it, Allah soaked the clay till it became sticky. Then Allah said to the angels: "Truly, I am going to create man from clay. So when I have fashioned him and breathed into him (his) soul created by Me, then you fall down prostrate to him." (Chapter 38:71-72 Quran).
So Allah shaped Adam into a human being, but he remained a figure of clay for 40 years. The angels went past him. They were seized with fear by what they saw, and Iblis felt fear most. He used to pass by the figure of Adam, buffeting it, which would make a sound like pottery. Allah told us: "He created man (Adam) from sounding clay like the clay of pottery." (Chapter 55:Quran).
(source: Ibn Katheer)
Hadith - Abu Dawood. Imam Ahmad has narrated from Abu Musa that the Prophet saLlaLlahu 'alayhi wasaLlam said:
"Allah has created Adam from a handful (soil) which He had gathered from all over the earth. That is how the children of Adam came according to the (colour and nature of the) earth. There are white among them, as well as red and black, and cross colours. There are those among them who are of bad nature and good nature, soft as well as harsh and in between".
Adam was created from clay all over the earth, that’s why, children of Adam are different: different color, size, shape, etc.
Sahih Muslim: Book 033, Number 6409:
Abu Huraira reported Allah's Messenger (way peace be upon him) as saying: There was argument between Adam and Moses. Moses said to Adam: You are our father. You did us harm and caused us to get out of Paradise. Adam said to him: You are Moses. Allah selected you (for direct conversation with you) and wrote with His own Hand the Book (Torah) for you. Despite this you blame me for an act which Allah had ordained for me forty years before He created me. Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) said:. This is how Adam came the better of Moses and Adam came the better of Moses.
We were supposed to be put on the earth, it is not right to complain or to blame it on the others.
1)Leader for generations to come
3)a generation that replaces one after the other.
In this verse, it means, a creation that procreates. We are not the successor of Allah, though…because Allah doesn’t need a successor.
وعلم آدم الأسماء كلها ثم عرضهم على الملائكة فقال أنبئوني بأسماء هؤلاء إن كنتم صادقين
2:31. And He taught Adam the nature of all things; then He placed them before the angels, and said: "Tell me the nature of these if ye are right."
Our knowledge consists of names. The science is basically naming process.
It is enough to show the virtue of knowledge that nobody likes to be called an ignorant.
There is a da’wah technique here:
A challenge is made basically to convey a point. If you’re truthful, just give me the names of these…it is like a rhetorical question.
قالوا سبحانك لا علم لنا إلا ما علمتنا إنك أنت العليم الحكيم
2:32. They said: "Glory to thee, of knowledge we have none, save what Thou hast taught us: In truth it is Thou who art perfect In knowledge and wisdom."
The angels didn’t even bother to answer (because they knew they couldn’t)
GEM:if you are in an organization, if you don’t know anything, just admit it.
Everyone is a shepherd and will be asked about their flocks whether you like it or not.
Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, ‘Every one of you is a shepherd and everyone of you will be questioned about his flock.”
Someone might have knowledge but not wisdom so that cannot utilize it the right way. For instance; the act of saving a fish from drowning.
Fish don't need to be “saved” from water/drowning. So, if you just have knowledge you will try to save the fish in a flood, not realizing that fish’s habitat is water.
Wisdom and knowledge go hand in hand in the height of perfection.
قال يا آدم أنبئهم بأسمائهم فلما أنبأهم بأسمائهم قال ألم أقل لكم إني أعلم غيب السماوات والأرض وأعلم ما تبدون وما كنتم تكتمون
2:33. He said: "O Adam! Tell them their natures." when He had told them, Allah said: "Did I not Tell you that I know the secrets of heaven and earth, and I know what ye reveal and what ye conceal?"
Allah is teaching through Adam. This is how Allah showed Adam’s superiority. Angels are metaphors for us, if something is not clear to us and is made clear by Allaah, we prostrate to HIM.
Also, this shows us a teaching technique of Allah, meaning a demonstration.
Al-Bukhari recorded from Ibn `Abbas that he said, "Umar used to bring me into the gatherings with the old men of (the battle of) Badr. However, it was as if one of them felt something in himself (against my attending). So he said, `Why do you (`Umar) bring this (youth) to sit with us when we have children like him (i.e., his age)' So `Umar replied, `Verily, he is among those whom you know. Then one day he called them and invited me to sit with them, and I do not think that he invited me to be among them that day except to show them. So he said, `What do you say about Allah's statement,
﴿إِذَا جَآءَ نَصْرُ اللَّهِ وَالْفَتْحُ ﴾
(When there comes the help of Allah and the Conquest.)' Some of them said, `We were commanded to praise Allah and seek His forgiveness when He helps us and gives us victory.' Some of them remained silent and did not say anything. Then he (`Umar) said to me, `Is this what you say, O Ibn `Abbas' I said, `No.'He then said, `What do you say' I said, `It was the end of the life of Allah's Messenger that Allah was informing him of. Allah said,
(When there comes the help of Allah and the Conquest.) which means, that is a sign of the end of your life.
إِذَا جَآءَ نَصْرُ اللَّهِ وَالْفَتْحُ
فَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ وَاسْتَغْفِرْهُ إِنَّهُ كَانَ تَوِبَا
(So, glorify the praises of your Lord, and ask His forgiveness. Verily, He is the One Who accepts the repentance and Who forgives.)' So, `Umar bin Al-Khattab said, `I do not know anything about it other than what you have said.
ãوأعلم ما تبدون وما كنتم تكتمون
Intentions are hidden but only Allah knows the hidden intentions.
وإذ قلنا للملائكة اسجدوا لآدم فسجدوا إلا إبليس أبى واستكبر وكان من الكافرين
2:34. And Behold, we said to the angels: "Bow down to Adam" and They bowed down. not so Iblis: He refused and was haughty: He was of those who reject Faith.
Notice how the angels prostrated immediately when they realized they were wrong, because we see the "fa" before the word. They didn't continue to argue like many people might do when proven wrong.
Before the decision is made, you should raise your concern, but Iblees objects once the decision is made, i.e. the command of Allah to prostrate.
"Ward off passing thoughts, for if you do not, they will become ideas. Ward off ideas, for if you do not, they will become desires. Fight them, for if you do not, they will become resolve and determination, and if you do not ward them off, they will become actions. If you do not resist them with their opposite, they will become habits and it will be difficult for you to get rid of them."
GEM: A Muslim saw (beware of your thoughts, they can become your actions, etc) on a poster in a non-Muslim school--so it has even been spread to the non-Muslims.
>>وَإِذْقُلْنَا لِلْمَلَائِكَةِ اسْجُدُوا لِآدَمَ فَسَجَدُوا إِلَّا إِبْلِيسَ كَانَ مِنَالْجِنِّ فَفَسَقَ عَنْ أَمْرِ رَبِّهِ أَفَتَتَّخِذُونَهُ وَذُرِّيَّتَهُأَوْلِيَاء مِن دُونِي وَهُمْ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّ بِئْسَ لِلظَّالِمِينَ بَدَلًا<<
18:50 Behold! We said to the angels, "Bow down to Adam": They bowed down except Iblis. He was one of the Jinns, and he broke the Command of his Lord. Will ye then take him and his progeny as protectors rather than Me? And they are enemies to you! Evil would be the exchange for the wrong-doers!
You think you are superior. Mankind is also guilty of this and it is called racism.
قَالَ مَا مَنَعَكَ أَلاَّ تَسْجُدَ إِذْ أَمَرْتُكَ قَالَ أَنَاْ خَيْرٌ مِّنْهُ خَلَقْتَنِي مِن نَّارٍ وَخَلَقْتَهُ مِن طِينٍ[ Allah ] said, "O Iblees, what prevented you from prostrating to that which I created with My hands? Were you arrogant [then], or were you [already] among the haughty?
GEM: we can never be truly original
All we have is based on our previous notions, experience and knowledge.
Iblees is denying that Allah is ‘aleem and hakeem. By not prostrating Adam, Iblees, in fact, refused to bow to Allah because obeying Allah’s command was an act of worship.
GEM: It's interesting that iblees believes in Allah subhanaHu wa ta3al - he's "smart" enough for that, but the atheists still deny a supreme power. Atheist they believe in first part of kalima - La ilaha. So they go to be convinced of the second part
Iblees was among the kuffaar but he hadn’t acted upon it. He finally allowed his thought to become his action, then he becomes kaafir.
Iblees was jealous of Adam. Iblees hit the body of Adam when the soul had not been breathed into him.
walHamdulilLahi Rabbil 'alameen
Last edited by BlessedMuslimah; 09-10-2006 at 09:38 AM. Reason: corrected missing letter on end of some ayat
|09-05-2006, 06:27 PM||#2|
Re: BOC Notes for Session #6
Jazakumullahu khairen for sharing.
|09-10-2006, 09:40 AM||#3|
Re: BOC Notes for Session #6
I wanted to point out that they were modified just now because some ayat had a missing letter towards the end, may Allah subhanaHu wa ta3ala forgive me. And all perfection is due to Him.
|09-10-2006, 11:29 PM||#4|
Re: BOC Notes for Session #6
Wa 'alaikum as-salaam wa rahmatu Allahi wa barakaatuh,
There were some points I failed to mention that I'd like to share with you guys. I'll use the notes already posted and just insert my additions and comments, in sha Allah.
Sensible conclusion #2: Allah will resurrect and judge us on the Last Day, so live the way He wants us to.
He might have "created" the program, but he does not have full knowledge of its workings. However, Allah has created the heavens and the earth AND He knows everything about them. Not a leaf falls but He knows it.
Your computer always crashes, but Allah's creation keeps on going as planned, until Allah causes it to be destroyed intentionally.
The angles were commanded to prostrate out of respect to Adam because of his superiority. Another example of prostration in this manner is when the parents and brothers of Yusuf ('alaihi as-salaam) prostrated to him out of respect (as is described in the Qur'an).
However, in the Shariah of Prophet Muhammad (salla Allahu 'alaihi wa sallam), prostration of respect to the creation is forbidden so that we don't eventually fall into shirk (i.e. the habit of bowing to people may make it easy for us to fall into shirk). So we can't bow to our teacher in karate. Wa Allahu a'lam.
How was Iblees a kaafir from before the disobience? His 'aqeedah was messed up because he thought Allah was making a mistake! Allah does not make mistakes!
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