|08-30-2008, 08:17 AM||#1|
Join Date: Aug 2007
Etiquette of going to the toilet
Aadaab ut Takhallie
Etiquette of going to the toilet
Adab ul-istitaaba - etiquette of cleaning yourself
"A Mushrik came and asked "did your friend teach you how to defecate?" he said "yes he did", the Mushrik asked, "What did he teach you?" "He forbade us to clean with your right hand, and forbade us to face the qiblah, and he forbade us to use the bones or dried excrement."Muslim 262, Musnad Imam Ahmad 23191(/9 not sure), Ibn Majah 316
1 - PROHIBITION OF THE 3 CURSED THINGS
"Be careful of the 3 cursed things, urinating, defecating, (and flatulating) and spitting (with phlegm) in any sources (rivers, seas, oceans, wells etc) and in the middle of the road (where people walk) and from under the shade."Abu Dawood 26, Ibn Majah 328
The Prophet (saw) Said: "Be careful of the two cursed things,"
He replied, "What are the two cursed things oh messenger?"
The Prophet (saw) said: "what people dropped in middle of the way, or in the shade. (And keep distance from doing it)""Muslim 269, Musnad Imam Ahmad 8636, Abu Dawood 25
Mu'az said: "The sources are (rivers, seas, oceans, free running water or stagnant water)…
Allah (swt) said: "And those who harm the believers, male and female, it is forbidden."
Imam Nawawi said: "It is not allowed to defecate or urinate or throw dirt in the places where people benefit from."
It is allowed in bushes far away from the people, where nobody sits in shade, and is not in the path of people or places where no people will go etc.
2 - IT IS FORBIDDEN TO URINATE IN WATER.
Jabir ibn Abdullah
"The Prophet (saw) said: "It is forbidden to urinate in stagnant water""Muslim 281, Musnad Imam Ahmad 14258, Ibn Majah 343
For greater reason it is not allowed to defecate in it
Imam Nawawi said: "If the water is a lot and is flowing and attached to the seas or river, it is permissible or makrouh."
If it is a child, it is ok if it is not stagnant, but otherwise take it generally whether stagnant or flowing.
3 - DO NOT ENTER THE BATHROOM WITH SOMETHING THAT HAS ALLAH WRITTEN ON IT.
In the case of things like money (e.g. in Saudi Arabia) it is permissible as long as it is put away as much as possible.
(English is allowed)
Prohibited to go in to the Toilet with the Qur'an
Nor make any zhikr or talk in the toilet.
4 -PROHIBITION TO FACE THE QIBLAH WHEN DEFECATING OR URINATING
Abu Ayyub Al-Ansari
The Prophet (saw) said: "If any one of you want to defecate, he should not face the qiblah, nor have his back to the qiblah, he should face the east or the west."Bukhari 144, Muslim 264 (a/narration " whether urinating or defecating"), Musnad Imam Ahmad 23003
Some fuquha say it is haram in front of the Ka'aba, but makrouh if you are far away.
Abdullah ibn Umar: "Some People say if you are going to the toilet, do not face the qiblah nor bait ul-Maqdis. One day I stood up on the roof of my house and saw the Prophet (saw) urinate facing Jerusalem." Bukhari 145, Muslim 266
Salman al-Farsi: "Mushrik came … he forbade us to face the qiblah when urinating or defecating.Muslim 262, Musnad Imam Ahmad 23191(/9 not sure), Ibn Majah 316
Jabir ibn Abdullah: "The Prophet (saw) forbade us to face the qiblah when urinating, however I saw him one year before he passed away, and he was facing it."
Some fuquha say not allowed in open space, but in a close place, in front of wall etc. there is a permit if you cannot change the position.
OBM opinion, in open space is HARAM, in close place, if you avoid it for the sake of Allah, there is reward.
5 - THE DU'A FOR GOING TO THE TOILET
Zaid bin Arqam
The Prophet (saw) said: "This place is where the shayateen gather." Musnad Imam Ahmad 18800,Ibn Majah 296
This is why; the Sunnah is not to spend a lot of time in the toilet.
You enter the toilet by the left, and leave by the right. (Foot)
Imam 'Ali: "The Prophet (saw) said: "the cover of the awrah when he wants to enter the house of the shaytan (toilet), is to say bismillah, then to say A'udhubillah min al-kubthi wal- khaba'ith""Bukhari 142, Ibn Majah 297, Tirmizi 606
Anas reported: "When the Prophet entered the Toilet he said allahuma inni a'udhubika min al kubuthi wal khaba'ith" Bukhari 142, Muslim 375, Musnad Imam Ahmad 11536
6 - YOU MUST COVER UP AS MUCH AS YOU CAN WHEN YOU ARE IN THE TOILET.
It is recommended to cover yourself as much as you can when you are fulfilling your need.
Al Mughirah ibn Shu'ba: "I was travelling with the Prophet (saw), he asked me to take the lead, so I took it, after that he went to urinate, he went in such a way that no one could see him, and was wearing a shaami jubba, and showed only enough to fulfil his need."Bukhari 363, Muslim 274, Musnad Imam Ahmad 17668, Abu Dawood 151
It is a Prophetic etiquette, to cover yourself as much as possible.
"He left us to urinate in a place so dark and far away until we could not see him anymore." Muslim , Ahmad
"The Prophet (saw) was so far away that we could not recognise him"
When you leave the toilet say "Ghufranak"
A'isha said: "Whenever the Prophet (saw) left the toilet he said " Ghufranak"."Musnad Imam Ahmad 24694, Abu Dawood 30
7 - TO STAND OR SIT DURING URINATION.
A'isha: "Whoever said they saw the Prophet (saw) urinate standing, do not listen to them I saw him do it sitting."
Hudhaifah said: "I saw the Prophet (saw) urinate standing."
The Fuquha say it is the strongest evidence to do it standing.
- To avoid impurity
- To be able to see if anybody is there.
The Prophet (saw) did both, so we accept both. And anybody who says there is a recommendation either way, then it is an innovation.
8 - IT IS FORBIDDEN TO USE THE RIGHT HAND TO CLEAN YOURSELF.
Because everything with karama is done with the right, and anything with no karama, you do with the left.
Abu Qatada: "The Prophet (saw) said: "If anyone is urinating, he should not touch his private parts with his right hand, nor make istinja with the right. Nor have tanaffus (blowing in the food.)""
(From this hadith you can also extract that you are not allowed to eat in the toilet.)
Bukhari 153, Muslim 267, Musnad Imam Ahmad 18927
"No one should use your right hand when urinating or defecating"
9 - AL ISTINJA WAL ISTIJMAR (CLEANING BY WATER AND STONE)
Cleaning after urinating
- Shake it 3 times
- Dry with 3 stones (Istijmar)
(Or anything dry and absorbent)
- Wash it (Istibrar)
- Dry it
- Remove all faeces
- Dry the area with 3 stones
- Wash it
- Dry it (not necessary just for comfort)
"I was with the Prophet (saw) and he went to urinate, he was not looking, and I went close to him, he said:
"Get me a stone for istijmar, do not get me bones, nor the dung of animals."
I got it for him and left it near him and left."
Use Water or stone or both
Water is enough.
JUST MAKE SURE THERE IS NOTHING LEFT.
10 - PROHIBITION FOR USING DUNG OR BONES FOR ISTIJMAR
Abdullah ibn Mas'oud: "I went to get 3 stones for the Prophet (saw) to make istijmar, but I could not find three, so I gave him 2 stones, and 1 piece of dung. He took the stones and threw the dung, and said: "that is not acceptable."Bukhari 156, Musnad Imam Ahmad 3677, Ibn Majah 313
"Do not make istijmar with bones or dung … … it is the rizq of the jinn."Bukhari 3800
"There is no Istijmar with less than three stones and if you make istijmar make it odd."
Bukhari 161, Muslim 237, Musnad Imam Ahmad 7180
You cannot make istijmar with the food of men either
The women have to make istinja with water first.
11 - IT IS FORBIDDEN TO SPEAK IN THE TOILET, EXCEPT WITH SHARI'AH PERMIT.
"A man said salaam to the Prophet (saw) while he was in the toilet, he did not answer the salaam."An-Nasaa'i 37, Ibn Majah 353
Imam Nawawi said.
- It is allowed only for the necessity of the toilet, (eg. To ask for stones, or water.)
- Or to warn people in an emergency etc
The one who created you, Understands you best...
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