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Old 02-07-2009, 09:01 PM   #11
Amatullah
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Re: Descriptions of the Qur'an

Number 6: Majeed
Allah ta’ala says in the first ayah of Surah Qaaf,

ق ۚ وَالْقُرْآنِ الْمَجِيدِ

“Qaaf. By the Qur’an that is Majeed” (50:1)

Majeed means: dhul majd: one that has majd. Majd is complete ‘athamah (sovereignty) and sultaan (authority). From the root, it is said: majdatul ibl, “the camel reached a vast land”. This gives us the meaning that majd is wus’ah, vastness and spaciousness. Majeed means vastness in greatness, in glory, in might, in honor and in respect.

How is the Qur’an Majeed?



1- It has ‘atheemah, great status. Allah has given it the highest status of all the books sent down.

2- It is a Muhaymin over all previous books. Muhaymin means one who guards and looks after. The Qur’an is authoritative and corrects the mistakes done by the people in the previous books.

3- It is Haakim (One that Judges), not Mahkoom (one that is judged). It is Naasikh (one that abrogates), not Mansookh (one that is abrogated). Over it nothing else can be preferred.

4- It has the khayr (goodness) of dunya and aakhirah.

The Qur’an is Majeed: exalted, very honorable, respected, perfect, complete, high status and of great might.

Imam Sa'di says in his tafseer (translation):


And His (azza wa jal) Statement: ‘By the Qur’an al-Majeed’: i.e. The Noble, the Great, which is not approached by falsehood neither from before it nor from behind it, a Revelation from the Most Wise and Praiseworthy.

Allah takes an oath by the Qur’an al-Majeed: i.e. (majeed meaning expounded and elaborate in meaning, the great thereof, (which has) many angles to it, many blessings and many ‘mubarraat’. And Majd is: elaborate in description and exaltation. And the speech with the most right to be described as such is this Qur’an which has gathered the knowledge of the previous and the latter (generations), and which has gathered the completeness of eloquence, the most abundant of words and the best and most fitting of meanings - and this makes it mandatory to be followed in its entirety, a (quick) compliance to it and gratitude to Allah for the blessing of it.

Allah has sworn by the Noble Qur’an, Possessor of Glory and Honor.
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كم من حريص جامع جاشع ٭ ليس بمنتفع و لا نافع
“How many dedicated (students of knowledge) there are,
seeking to gather it and desirous of obtaining it,
yet they do not gain benefit from it nor do they give benefit out to others.”

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Old 02-07-2009, 09:04 PM   #12
Amatullah
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Re: Descriptions of the Qur'an

Number 7: Kareem
Allah ta’ala says in Suratul Waaqi’ah:

وَإِنَّهُ لَقَسَمٌ لَّوْ تَعْلَمُونَ عَظِيمٌ

And that is indeed a mighty oath if you but knew,-(56:76)

This magnificent oath that Allah azza wa jal has taken:


إِنَّهُ لَقُرْآنٌ كَرِيمٌ

That this is indeed a Qur’an, Kareem. (56:77)

Kareem is from karam which is used for a grape vine. A grape vine looks very beautiful and brings a lot of benefit. When Kareem is used for Allah ta'ala: it means Allah ta’ala is very generous and He is of high status. When kareem is used for a person, it means they are very honorable and hold a great position as well as they have character. When kareem is used for speech, it means a word that is gentle, good, humble and beneficial.

When used for Qur’an, Kareem means:



1- This Qur’an that is very beneficial, full of blessings, katheerun naf’, full of benefits. Every letter brings you reward, every reading brings you a new lesson.

2-This Qur’an which is honorable. Honored by who? By Allah azza wa jal, it is Allah’s Kalaam–the most honored Kalaam with an exalted status.

This Qur’an is Kareem: it changes hearts and guides a person to action, it shows people the reality of life and the reality of the hereafter.

Imam Sa’di rahimahullah states in his tafseer that Kareem means: katheerul khayr, containing every good and every type of knowledge. It is a book that if one seeks to benefit from, they will.

This is a Kareem book, revealed by Al Kareem, to a messenger that is Kareem for us.
__________________
كم من حريص جامع جاشع ٭ ليس بمنتفع و لا نافع
“How many dedicated (students of knowledge) there are,
seeking to gather it and desirous of obtaining it,
yet they do not gain benefit from it nor do they give benefit out to others.”

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Old 02-07-2009, 09:09 PM   #13
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Re: Descriptions of the Qur'an

Number Eight: Mubeen

“Al Kitaabil Mubeen” appears many times in the Qur’an at the beginning of surahs after the huroof muqatt’aat (disjointed letters).



  • الر ۚ تِلْكَ آيَاتُ الْكِتَابِ الْمُبِينِ Alif-laam-ra. These are the ayaat of the “Mubeen” Book. (12:1)
  • الر ۚ تِلْكَ آيَاتُ الْكِتَابِ وَقُرْآنٍ مُبِينٍ Alif-laam-ra. These are the ayaat of the Book, and a “Mubeen” Qur’an. (15:1)
  • طس ۚ تِلْكَ آيَاتُ الْقُرْآنِ وَكِتَابٍ مُبِينٍ Ta-Seen. These are the ayaat of the Qur’an, and a book that is “Mubeen.” (27:1)
  • طسم تِلْكَ آيَاتُ الْكِتَابِ الْمُبِينِ Ta-Seen-Meem. These are the ayaat of the “Mubeen” Book. (28:1-2)
  • حم وَالْكِتَابِ الْمُبِينِ “Ha-meem. And by the “Mubeen” Book!. (43:1-2) (this ayah is a qasm/an oath)
  • حم وَالْكِتَابِ الْمُبِينِ “Ha-meem. And by the “Mubeen” Book!. (44:1-2) (this ayah is a qasm/an oath)
When Allah ta’ala repeats something so many times in His Speech, then we know there is a reason for the repetition and importance in what is being repeated.

The root of Mubeen (ba ya noon) gives three meanings:
  1. Any type of distance.
  2. That which is far (bu’ud)

  3. Something that is clear (waadih, bayaan)
Something that is clear is far in resemblance to the other.

This Qur’an is Mubeen, it is clear and far from anything else in resemblance. The name Mubeen implies two meanings:
  1. That which is clear in itself. The Qur’an is clear in its content and in its understanding.
  2. That which clarifies the other. The Qur’an clarifies truth from falsehood, guidance from misguidance, the believers from the disbelievers, and it clarifies the mind of a person.
The Qur’an is a bayyinah, a clear proof. Everything that is stated in this Qur’an is based on bayyinah: the ilm of Allah azza wa jal. In other words, this Kitaab is authentic. There is nothing like it, it is unique, clear, comprehensive and profound in its meaning.
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كم من حريص جامع جاشع ٭ ليس بمنتفع و لا نافع
“How many dedicated (students of knowledge) there are,
seeking to gather it and desirous of obtaining it,
yet they do not gain benefit from it nor do they give benefit out to others.”

Imam Al-Awzaa'ee rahimahullah

Last edited by Yusra; 02-07-2009 at 09:28 PM.
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Old 02-07-2009, 09:27 PM   #14
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Re: Descriptions of the Qur'an

Number Nine: Full of Dhikr

Saad. And by the Qur’an, full of dhikr! [Surah Saad, verse 1]

This Qur'an is dhi dhikr, full of dhikr. The word ‘dhi’ means possessor, one that contains, one that owns something. It has several meanings in this context:
  1. Firstly, dhikr here means “tadhkeer”, a reminder. What does the Qur’an remind of? It reminds us of reality of life and of our duties and obligations.
  2. Secondly, dhikr here means “maw’idhah”, admonition. A maw’idhah is an advice or instruction, but not just any advice, this advice is effective and pushes a person to do good deeds and to abstain from disobedience.
  3. Thirdly, dhikr here means a bayyaan ‘a mention, explanation’. What does the Qur’an mention? The nations of the past, ahkaam (rulings) and future events as well.
  4. Lastly, dhikr here means sharaf, honor. The Qur’an, by its mention, is a source of honor for those who accept. The one who mentions the Qur’an is honored as well as the Qur’an itself is honorable.
So this Qur’an is dhi dhikr: possessor and owner of reminder, admonition, advice and honor.
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كم من حريص جامع جاشع ٭ ليس بمنتفع و لا نافع
“How many dedicated (students of knowledge) there are,
seeking to gather it and desirous of obtaining it,
yet they do not gain benefit from it nor do they give benefit out to others.”

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Old 02-09-2009, 07:03 PM   #15
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Re: Descriptions of the Qur'an

Yusra, I love all your posts!

Enjoying this thread very much, keep on posting everyone! May Allah reward each letter! Ameen.
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Old 02-09-2009, 07:09 PM   #16
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Re: Descriptions of the Qur'an

Jazaak Allahu khayran br Aqib, subhanAllah those ayaat for suratul An'aam are intense.

I like to look up the root words because it gives more depth to the meaning, and helps us understand more because the English language cannot convey the meaning of some of these words except without a detailed explanation.

I put together a list of some other characteristics that I'd like for this thread to contain inshaAllah, please add if you can think of anymore:


  • Noor/Muneer
  • Hudan
  • A’dheem
  • Maw’idhah
  • Fussilat
  • Rahmah
  • Ahsan al Hadeeth
  • Rooh
  • Shifaa’
  • Furqaan
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كم من حريص جامع جاشع ٭ ليس بمنتفع و لا نافع
“How many dedicated (students of knowledge) there are,
seeking to gather it and desirous of obtaining it,
yet they do not gain benefit from it nor do they give benefit out to others.”

Imam Al-Awzaa'ee rahimahullah
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Old 02-09-2009, 09:29 PM   #17
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Re: Descriptions of the Qur'an

Some more:

  • Balaagh
  • Naba al A'dheem
  • Burhaan
  • Haqq
  • Laa ya'tihil baatilu min bayni yadayhi wa la min khalfihi

  • La rayba feehi

  • Tasdeeq
  • Tafseel (related to fussilat)

  • yahdi lil latee heya aqwam

  • basheeran wa natheeran
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كم من حريص جامع جاشع ٭ ليس بمنتفع و لا نافع
“How many dedicated (students of knowledge) there are,
seeking to gather it and desirous of obtaining it,
yet they do not gain benefit from it nor do they give benefit out to others.”

Imam Al-Awzaa'ee rahimahullah

Last edited by Yusra; 02-10-2009 at 11:18 AM.
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Old 02-10-2009, 12:56 PM   #18
alghareeb
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Re: Descriptions of the Qur'an

  • Bayaan
  • Maw'idhah
  • Dhiyaa'
I hope they weren't posted already
I'll be back INSHAALLAH.
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please share you opinion on the above^^^^^
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Old 02-11-2009, 10:30 AM   #19
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Re: Descriptions of the Qur'an

'Azeez! One of the most amazing descriptions.
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كم من حريص جامع جاشع ٭ ليس بمنتفع و لا نافع
“How many dedicated (students of knowledge) there are,
seeking to gather it and desirous of obtaining it,
yet they do not gain benefit from it nor do they give benefit out to others.”

Imam Al-Awzaa'ee rahimahullah
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Old 02-11-2009, 12:19 PM   #20
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Re: Descriptions of the Qur'an

InshaAllah i'd like to do some more research, but here is the ayah i was referring too from Surah Fussilat, ayah 41:

وَإِنَّهُ لَكِتَابٌ عَزِيزٌ
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كم من حريص جامع جاشع ٭ ليس بمنتفع و لا نافع
“How many dedicated (students of knowledge) there are,
seeking to gather it and desirous of obtaining it,
yet they do not gain benefit from it nor do they give benefit out to others.”

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